Tuesday, January 7, 2020

Dualism And Personalism - 985 Words

Dualism is a philosophy that hypothesizes our mind is more then just our body. Dualists all deny that the mind is the same as the brain. In contrast Personalism is a philosophy that says our mind and body are one and the same. Personalists regard personhood as the fundamental notion that which gives meaning to all reality. We will explore their differences through their impact on abortion, death and politics. Dualism is a philosophy that in its most basic form holds that the mind is comprised of a nonphysical substance, while the body is composed of the physical substance called matter. This type of dualism is called substance dualism, or Cartesian Dualism. This type of dualism was formulated by Rene Descartes, who was†¦show more content†¦If the mind truly was a different substance then while the body dies the brain would still show some signs of life, because the mind would still be causally affecting it. Dualism and abortion. Because a dualism at its core it the belief that something is composed of two different parts, body and mind, a dualists could look at abortion two ways. The first way is that because the mind and body a different and only causally interact, then abortion does not end the life and so should not be considered murder. The second way is that because the mind and body ARE causally affecting one another then because you hurt one half it affects the other and a harmful way and should be considered and harmful act and outlawed. Because body and mind are one and the same both these views are wrong just on principle, but if we delve deeper the view that abortion end the life and thus shouldnt be considered murder is obviously the more harmful of the two. But it is especially harmful because this view separates the mind from the body and thus supports the pro abortionists view that the baby is just a bunch of cells and isnt sentient. And the second view is harmful, b ut not quite as harmful as the first. The second view marginalizes what happens during abortion, by saying that because the mind is causally affected by what happens to the body that the act is harmful is different then saying the actShow MoreRelatedBook Report on Apology Essay797 Words   |  4 PagesAristotle. The metaphysics of Socrates is soft dualism, since he acknowledges the material world and its role towards the transcendent, God. The epistemology is moderate realism where sensible world is knowable and knowledge of transcendent-intelligible reality inferred from sense knowledge of physical world. The ethics are of Natural Law where the sense world is valued as ordered to the spiritual realm. The philosophy of Human Nature is soul-body dualism where both: human body and soul are acknowledgedRead MoreRene Descartes: The Personalist vs. the Naturalist Viewpoint1203 Words   |  5 PagesDescartes 1596-1650 Mathematician, philosopher, and writer. Separated body from thought and that the thought used the brain in order to transfer action to body. Without thought there is no existence ergo, â€Å"I think, therefore I am†. Believed in dualism. Whereas the mind was a non-material object that did not follow any of the laws of nature. The mind would interact with the body by way of a gland in the brain. Descartes was working in a time where many mechanical items were being built which gaveRead MoreHistorical Roots Of Humanism And Modern Psychology Essay2227 Words   |  9 Pagesidentified as the founding grounds for the concept of humanism. Besides phenomenology and existentialism, the role of Eastern philosophy and psychology cannot be underscored in tracing the origin of humanism. This is also graced by philosophies of personalism from the then Judao-Christians. One common thing in all these concepts is that they have a similar concern regarding the consciousness and existence of human beings. In the context of forces existing in the field of philosophy, humanism is branded

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